CPT Q006 – How can plates possibly rift apart and move over underlying rock?

6. Question: How can plates rift apart, and should they do so, how could they move over the underlying rock?

Response: While plates in general display considerable strength, there is impressive observational evidence that they can and do rift, or split apart, under the right circumstances. A good example is the rifting of the Arabian block from Africa with the formation of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. Just what the forces were that initiated the rifting may not be so clear, but the reality that a once coherent plate has split into two pieces and that the two pieces are presently moving away from each other is documented by many lines of evidence, including GPS measurements. Another example of continental rifting is the separation of Baja California from Mexico and the subsequent migration of this block several hundred kilometers to the northwest. The cause in this case seems to be clearer, given that according to present GPS measurements the motion of this block is essentially identical to that of the Pacific Plate. The implication is that some of the western portion of the North American Plate has overridden the ridge that earlier formed the southeastern boundary of the Pacific Plate and that the forces associated with the divergence at this ridge were sufficient to cause the rifting away of this sliver of North American Plate. Careful numerical simulation indicates that lithospheric plates can also fail in compression. The most common circumstance is when a slab of oceanic lithosphere becomes sufficiently thick through cooling, it begins to founder under its own weight, initially producing a broad depression above it and then fracturing and sinking into the weaker and less dense mantle beneath it.

In regard to the issue of a lithospheric plate moving relative to the asthenospheric layer beneath it, I pointed out earlier that the case is compelling that this layer is on the order of a thousand to ten thousand times weaker than normal lithosphere and that the drag forces exerted by the asthenosphere on the base of the lithosphere tend to be extremely small.

A Billion Years in a Genesis Day? The Sorrow People Don’t Know They’re Asking For

Is it possible that the six days of Genesis 1 in fact refer to something other than a simple ‘day’? Might the true sense of the text all along have carried with it a possible allegorical or, at least, undefined sense to it? In other words, might we replace ‘days’ in Exodus 20:11 with ‘eons’ as follows: “For in six ‘eons’ (?) Yahweh made the heavens and the earth and the sea, and everything in them…”? Continue reading “A Billion Years in a Genesis Day? The Sorrow People Don’t Know They’re Asking For”

Peter’s Last Days Warning Part I

Near the end of the apostle Peter’s life, he had a stark warning for the church. Nearly all of Peter’s second epistle is dedicated to communicating this warning. He states the issue most fully for the first time as follows: “For we did not follow cleverly devised myths when we made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of his majesty” (2 Peter 1:16). If we could see Peter in heaven right now, I think he would say: “Have you forgotten my warning? Are you keeping in mind what I told you to keep in mind?” Peter basically says just that: “And I will make every effort to see that after my departure you will always be able to remember these things.” (2 Peter 1:15, and see 2 Peter 3:1-2) Continue reading “Peter’s Last Days Warning Part I”

‘Remember Your Creator’ – The Salvation of the World Depends on It

As you do not know the way the spirit comes to the bones in the womb of a woman with child, so you do not know the work of God who makes everything. (Ecclesiastes 11:5)

Not only does our current society in America and the West deny that “God makes everything:” worse, they don’t even acknowledge that God made anything. While there are plenty of frontal attacks that establish this atheistic stance (a HS football coach getting fired for praying on the field, a decorated soldier being demoted and severely threatened because she had a simple bible verse on her desk (?!)), it is just as often furthered by a ground swell which one can sense and feel that instills a kind of fear that says: ‘I’d better stay away from mentioning God here in this part of the report with my child … it’s sort of not allowed, I think, isn’t it?’ Continue reading “‘Remember Your Creator’ – The Salvation of the World Depends on It”

God’s Answer to the World’s Mockery: ‘Behold, He Comes!’

Know this first of all, that in the last days mockers will come with their mocking, following after their own lusts, and saying, “Where is the promise of His coming?” (2 Peter 3:3)

I have some good news to share with you: God has an answer to the mocking of man.

Have you ever seen so much mocking and ridicule? It is so bad now that after a terrorist attack, the ‘progressive’ side of society ridicules even the statement: “We’ll be praying for you.” Often just the hint that God may have spoken or impressed something on you is met with ridicule. Continue reading “God’s Answer to the World’s Mockery: ‘Behold, He Comes!’”

Earth’s Rapidly Decaying Magnetic Field Says the Earth is Young

One of the most powerful evidences for a young earth is its rapidly decaying magnetic field. Measurements taken from 1835 to 1965 reveal that the earth lost a whopping 8% in its magnetic field strength over those 130 years.1) More recent measurements confirm this exponential rate of decrease, at a rate of about 1.5% every 30 years.2) That means if you are 60 years old, in your own lifetime, the earth’s magnetic field decreased in strength by about 3%. Let us be glad the earth is not decreasing in size at such a rate! That is an astounding rate of loss for a planet-wide feature, which the old-earth paradigm requires to be billions of years old. Continue reading “Earth’s Rapidly Decaying Magnetic Field Says the Earth is Young”


  1. [1] “Following Gauss, scientists continued to make global measurements of the field. Four decades ago, Keith McDonald and Robert Gunst (1967, 1968) compiled the results of such measurements from 1835 to 1965. They drew a startling conclusion: during those 130 years, the earth’s magnetic dipole moment had steadily decreased by over 8 percent!” (Humphreys, “Earth’s Magnetic Field,” (CRSQ 47, 2011), 194 

  2. [2] “Over those thirty years [1970 to 2000], about half of the energy that was lost from the dipole was transferred into multipole fields (up to ten pairs of magnetic poles of decreasing energy that point in different directions). However, the bottom line is that the overall energy of the entire field, which includes the energy of the dipole and all multi-pole fields, decreased by at least 1.25%, and perhaps as much as 1.57% (Humphreys, 2002)… If this rate of loss holds steady, then the field will lose half of all its energy in approximately 1500 years.” – (EMM, 17-18 

Welcome to the Human Genome: The Most Advanced Computer Operating System in the Universe

How many of you are Mac fans out there? Windows fans? Any die-hard Linux hold outs? Well, before you start fighting with each other, let’s just clear the table: none of these operating systems can hold a candle to the human genome. I have so little space, so most of what follows will be key citations that illustrate this marvel.[link1] Hold on to your seats, ladies and gentlemen: Continue reading “Welcome to the Human Genome: The Most Advanced Computer Operating System in the Universe”